Heroin is one of the harshest drugs out there. The negative effects to the brain and body can be significant. However, those that are addicted to heroin may not be asking the question, “How does heroin affect the body?” They may not care that much about short or long-term effects of heroin use. After all, the pull of addiction can outweigh logic and rationale time and time again.
Still, it’s imperative to warn heroin users of the dangers of the drug. Heroin is a very deadly and addictive substance that many users become severely addicted to soon after experimenting with it. Once you’ve become addicted to the substance, it can be challenging for you to stop using it permanently on your own. Thus, proper, thorough treatment may be necessary to help you overcome the addiction.
The Opioid Crisis
The Center for Disease Control reports that there were 46,802 reported opioid overdose deaths in 2018. That’s about 128 people per day dying from using an opioid that ranges from prescription opioids like OxyContin to heroin synthetic opioids like fentanyl.
Heroin is one of the largest drug problems in the United States today. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), in 2018 U.S. national overdose deaths associated with heroin were almost 15,000. That’s around 41 people per day.
In addition, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), in 2016 in America, 948,000 people admitted to using heroin within the past year. This is considered epidemic levels. In fact, the epidemic is so commonplace that many new treatment centers have been opened across the United States, all sharing the same purpose – detox and treatment.
This article will discuss what heroin is, as well as the short and long-term affects it can have on the body.
What Is Heroin?
Heroin is an opiate, derivative of the poppy plant found in South America, different parts of Asia, the Middle East region, and in Africa. It’s made into a powder that users typically melt into liquid using a spoon and lighter. Then, they inject it into their bloodstream via a vein. However, the drug can also be smoked and or snorted in powder form.
The immediate effects of heroin are extreme feelings of pleasure lasting maybe 10-20 minutes, followed by an intense sick and lethargic feeling once the drug has worn off. The effects of repeated use include slowed heart rate, nausea and vomiting, and sometimes potentially fatal symptoms.
You can easily overdose on heroin due to its extreme potent nature. The risks involved with its use are a huge gamble, thus rendering the urgent need for detox and rehab treatment.
How Heroin Affects The Brain
The brain has opioid receptors that help the body with pain. If you’ve ever been given a subscription for a pain reliever, then you understand how helpful opioid receptors can be.
Heroin use causes short and long-term effects on the brain. When heroin hits the brain, it binds and activates mu-opioid receptors (MORS). These receptors go into overdrive when heroin attaches, releasing large amounts of dopamine.
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps you feel euphoria. Your body can produce some degree of dopamine naturally. However, when you introduce heroin to your system, it boosts the levels significantly. Your brain remembers this and will cause you to crave more and more of the drug to achieve the same “high”.
Heroin use will also affect the part of the brain that controls your respiratory system and heart rate. It can rapidly decrease your breathing and heart rate, putting you in danger of death.
Long-term effects of heroin on the brain include damage to parts of the brain and increased tolerance. Inhaling heroin smoke that’s burned through a pipe (chasing the dragon) is extremely dangerous to the brain. It can lead to brain damage and dementia.
Repetitive use of heroin can lead to an increased tolerance, where you need more of the drug to get the same euphoric effect. This is quite dangerous, as the more heroin you use, the more you’re susceptible to a fatal overdose.
Let’s look a bit more closely at short and long-term effects of heroin on the body:
Heroin Use: Short-Term Effects On The Body
The short-term effects of heroin occur quickly after the drug enters the body. Almost immediately, there will be feeling of nausea for 10-20 seconds, followed by an intense rush of euphoria. A warm feeling may course throughout the body. However, this pleasurable feeling only lasts between 10 to 20 minutes, depending on tolerance level. Then, the “crash” begins, which includes:
- Slowed breathing
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Flu-like symptoms (runny nose, watery eyes)
- Body aches
- No appetite
Heroin Use: Long-Term Effects On The Body
Long-term effects of heroin use can greatly impact mental and physical health.
- Decreased ability to think rationally and make wise choices (cognitive dysfunction)
- Feeling depressed
- Feeling anxious
- Feeling agitated
- Feeling confused
- Damage to the brain
- Increased risk of overdosing
- Respiratory/lung problems
- Abscessed skin
- Collapsed veins that can cause blood clots and/or stroke
- Sleep difficulties
- Liver or kidney disease
- Weak immune system
- Increased risk of getting Hepatitis B or C through needle sharing
- Falling into a coma
How Does Your Appearance Change From Heroin Use?
It’s not just the inside of the body that can be negatively impacted by heroin use. Your physical appearance can change too, such as:
- Teeth rotting (for those that don’t practice oral care)
- The skin can abscess, causing red blotches (similar to a boil)
- The gums can swell
- You can experience extreme weight loss
- Your complexion can change
- You can experience facial pustules, or fluid-filled bumps on the skin
- You may get pockmarks (indentations) in the skin
How does heroin affect your body?
As you can see, it affects the mental, emotional, and physical body in various ways. Long-term heroin users aren’t likely to be able to hide their addiction problem. It’s usually noticeable in their appearance and behavior, especially the more heroin they use.
Do You Need Help Quitting Heroin?
There are various treatment options available to treat heroin addiction. Soul Surgery offers individualized care based on the needs of the individual. If you or someone you know is using heroin contact Soul Surgery today. We can help you get free and create the kind of life you truly desire.